Dissertations 2010 till today
18 May 2020
The pilgrimage church "Mary, Queen of Peace" a contemporary reflection
Speaker: Meinrad Morger
The pilgrimage church "Maria, Queen of Peace" is not only considered the main work of the Pritzker Prize winner Gottfried Böhma pilgrimage rooms and that sacred building. The dissertation makes accessible essential design documents that have not been known or studied before, which are located through conversations with Gottfried Böhm himself, as well as other project participants. A new series of photographs, understood as a time-lapse, is the empirical basis for the discussion of this architecture and makes its temporality and scale clear. This allows for a deep contemplation and accessibility of the design methodology and the essential architectural and urban planning ideas.
01 July 2020
Multiscale functional modelling in industrial planning
Speaker: Dr. Petra von Both
09 July 2020
Deniz Yatagan Baumeister
Effects of Migration on Children ́s Private and Social Places
Speaker: Dr. Riklef Rambow
This work explores how migration affects children's personal and community places - what kinds of places they lose or miss, and how they compensate. The aim is to gather knowledge that will enable architects to create good environments for children in intercultural settings. 34 people with Turkish immigrant backgrounds from different generations were interviewed. In addition, case studies were conducted in two primary schools and one day care center. It was found that children lose private places due to migration, and cultural differences and urban realities prevent them from creating new ones. The results show that design solutions can help migrant and non-migrant children to satisfy their need for private places. The results provide insight into the influence of environment and culture on children's place preferences and may be useful for future projects in urban or multicultural settings.
July 16, 2020
The spatial dimension of residential multilocality - an investigation of occupationally induced urban secondary residences and their urban planning relevance
Speaker: Kerstin Gothe
Housing and living practices no longer follow traditional patterns of life. Social ideals, which often still form the planning horizon, can only inadequately reflect lived realities.
In an explorative and qualitative way, this paper investigates work-related urban secondary residences in order to get closer to the specific social practice of work-related multilocality as an immanent component of an urban society.
A multiscale spatial analysis of case studies is combined with social science methods such as interviews with multilocally living people as well as expert discussions. A graphic-drawing and a textual strand of analysis are closely interwoven and complement each other.
If one understands occupational multilocality as an extreme form of lived realities, the practice of living can serve as a valuable figure of thought for addressing general societal changes in spatial planning beyond the specific target group.
The work fills a key research gap with regard to the spatial dimension of the housing and living practices studied, while offering numerous points of departure for practical application by a wide variety of spatially creative actors.
17 September 2020
Introducing a New Methodology to Deal with Gentrification in Urban Neighborhoods. Case Study of Fatmid Cairo and Heliopolis
Speaker: Dr. Barbara Engel
Since many urban development projects aim to improve the urban life of neighbourhoods. Therefore, gentrification is one of the notions which deals with urban neighbourhoods targeting similar aims. But, gentrification does not develop everywhere the same, it has many different aspects social, cultural, economic and political. Those aspects define the process of gentrification and how it develops, while the lack of knowledge to the notion of gentrification generates a challenging subject that needs investigation and research. However, as the role of gentrification is vital and essential, the consequences are also significant. The most significant is displacement; while the research focus is not to deal with this issue. The focus of the research is to discover the gentrification process in urban neighbourhoods, prove its existence and create a comprehensive approach to deal with the process. This will provide a tool for decision makers first; to expect possible gentrification location, second; to deal with gentrification in already gentrified neighborhoods and third; to maximize gentrification positive consequences and minimize its negative ones. Thus, the methodology used both qualitative and quantitative approaches to analyze the gentrification situation in two old districts of Cairo, Elgamalia and Heliopolis.
01 October 2020
The Epic American - Garry Winogrand's View of the USA
Supervisor: Dr. Martin Papenbrock
The American photographer Garry Winogrand (1928-1984), who mostly sought his motifs on the streets of large cities, left behind almost half a million photographs. Unsorted, undated, partially unedited works as well as bags full of undeveloped film rolls. At the forefront of the dissertation, "The Epic American... - Garry Winogrand's View of the USA" by Aline Vanessa Bruand focuses on approaching the narrative of the photographs. The identification of themes, classification and categorization form the first basis. Analyses of the extent to which the works follow a narrative style will offer insights into the artist's photographic aesthetic. Possible approaches to interpretation under socio-cultural aspects and intermedial references will contribute to a deeper understanding of the works. The USA of the 1960-1970s is marked by political tensions and social upheaval, but also by positive energies generated by these changes. More than purely documentary, Winogrand's photographs visualize people, cities, and a country full of contrasts and contradictory beauty.
At home in the neighbourhood - The spatial design of the environment to promote a sense of place
April 4, 2019
The skyscraper as a tissue of design and technology. High-rise buildings in West Germany from 1945
to 1980 as an impulse for the current discussion
The high-rise building type experiences a persistently high level of construction activity. Depending on one's perspective, it is seen as a beacon of hope for overcoming the challenges facing our cities, or it is rejected outright. Current designs show a typological exhaustion of the building type, which stands in stark contrast to the structural richness of the high-rise buildings of the period between 1945 and 1980. The dissertation focuses on the skyscrapers of this period, which spans from reconstruction to the oil crisis.
Methodically, a classical drawing-based analysis is combined with a text-based theoretical approach. The basis for the drawing analysis is a project catalogue with 100 high-rise projects. The theoretical approach is based on texts from the philosophy of technology and research into the genesis of technology, in particular by Gilbert Simondon.
Within the project catalogue, genesis paths and thus ruptures and moments of innovation can be shown. This, in combination with a consideration of the origins of the skyscraper, allows us to gain a fundamental understanding of the development of the building type. In this context, design as an expression of culture on the one hand and technology on the other hand are shown to be the essential forces shaping the high-rise building type. On the basis of these considerations, an assessment of the current situation can finally be given.
The project catalogue provides a critical overview of the high-rise buildings in West Germany between 1945 and 1980 and also makes them accessible as design references. It can thus also stand on its own.
Tensor decomposition of qualitative models for fault detection - application in building automation.
The dissertation provides a contribution to technical fault detection based on the observation of building automation systems by qualitative models. A stochastic automaton is used as a qualitative model, which describes the qualitative behaviour of a process on the basis of discrete probability distributions. The system behaviour of the process to be described is only approximated, but the basic system dynamics are retained. Stochastic automata and qualitative models suffer from the problem that their memory requirements increase exponentially with an increasing number of system variables to be described, which means that even for systems with only a few system variables it is hardly possible to represent their entire qualitative behavior and to store the corresponding probabilities efficiently. To solve this complexity problem, a new approach is pursued in which the discrete probability distributions of the stochastic automaton are stored in tensors. A current method for model reduction is presented, which is based on the decomposition of the multilinear tensor structure. Here, the paper presents algorithms for qualitative error detection defined on the basis of decomposed tensors, which allow to harness the potential of tensor decomposition for practical applications.
Sandra Carolina Camacho Montano
Low-invasive measures for improving the summer indoor climate in school buildings
January 29, 2018
Urban backsides. The connective tissue of the city
Cities are in a constant process of transformation. After filling up the large urban brownfields, the existing urban structure is now being redensified. Often this redensification hits places with a low structural density and quality, but with great functionality for the urban organism. These are the last inner-city places where noisy and dirty activities, low-cost services in close connection with neighbourhoods and creative business start-ups can take place. These functional places of work are diminishing at a rapid pace as they cannot withstand the pressure from higher value uses.
In order to better examine these places and their uses, the concept of "urban backsides" was introduced. By examining case studies in London, Hamburg and Berlin, it became clear that in order to control the displacement process of low-cost workspace from the inner city, conventional planning instruments are often insufficient and need to be complemented by alternative, user-driven strategies.
Speaker: Professor Markus Neppl
Co-speaker: Professor Hilde Barz-Malfatti (Bauhaus-University Weimar)
February 2, 2018
Mr. Stefan Netsch
The conversion of church buildings in the Netherlands.
Due to declining membership, church buildings are increasingly becoming obsolete and finding a new purpose as, for example, a restaurant, skate hall, apartment or museum.
The closure and abandonment of church buildings can be observed in many European countries. Churches stand empty, may be deconsecrated and repurposed, expanded or demolished. While church closures in the past were mainly political, the causes of this development today are mainly demographic change, declining membership and the loss of social significance of the church as an institution. The dwindling number of worshipers in Germany leads to a regular under-utilisation of church buildings. Comparable developments can be observed in the Netherlands. However, there are clear differences there both in the perception and in the handling of the problem. The solutions there show a range that can provide inspiration for the German context.
Speaker: Professor Kerstin Gothe
Co-speaker: Professor Dr. Marieke Kuipers (TU Delft)
Iconography of sacred stained glass from the 1960s to the 1980s under the aspect of the change of aesthetics and function.
Artistically designed church windows have been documents of European cultural history for 900 years now. In particular, liturgical reforms, the emergence of abstract pictorial forms, changes in social structures and building forms have given sacred stained glass a new iconographic significance since the 1960s. This research work is the first to provide a comprehensive, cross-genre overview of the essential pictorial themes, the various forms of design, and the functions of the numerous designs used between 1960 and 1989 in the context of contemporary events. The developments of 50 both renowned and lesser-known artists are also traced under the aspect of technical innovations in glass. Comparative work analyses based on a total of 200 concise objects convey the broad artistic spectrum of those years. Insights into the modalities of commissioning and individual production processes of monumental window pictures in the technique of painting with lead-framed glass panes as well as with enamel paints, grisaille painting and concrete glass from the design to the execution enable the reader to follow the process. The comprehensive glossary is also designed as a reference work.
Lecturer Professor Dr. Martin Papenbrock
Co-referee Professor Dr. Peter van Treeck
The work was published in 2019 by Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg.
The Gozzoburg. A key Gothic building in Krems on the Danube.
Speaker Professor Dr. Johann Josef Böker
Co-speaker Professor Dr. Mario Schwarz (University of Vienna)
Smart decentralized solar district heating.
In this paper a decentralized solar district heating system with building integrated collectors is investigated and evaluated. The evaluation takes place in terms of heat distribution losses in the heat grid, power grid interaction and economic efficiency. In order to be able to evaluate the significance of the results, a reference system is also investigated. The reference system is a standard district heating system in which a central heating system - consisting of a boiler, a CHP plant and a thermal hot water tank - is the only heat source. The investigations are based on deterministic numerical simulation calculations of a case study. It is shown that in a decentralized solar district heating system, the heat grid can be operated intermittently and thus the heat distribution losses can be reduced in a significant order of magnitude. A dedicated evaluation procedure is developed and presented for the study of the power grid interaction. Subsequently, it will be shown that the power grid interaction and economic efficiency depend on the CHP operation mode as well as on further influencing factors.
Speaker Mr. Professor Andreas Wagner
Co-speaker Professor Dr. Gregor P. Henze
The Karlsruhe architect Hans Zippelius (1873-1956).
Building history in the field of tension between reform and tradition
Chairman Mr. Professor Andreas Wagner
Speaker Professor Dr. Johann Josef Böker
Co-speaker Professor Ludwig Wappner
Additional member Mr. PD Dr. Julian Hanschke
Alexander Camaro (1901-1992). Life and Work
Artists also had a special social task in the post-war period: the manageable amount of artists living in Germany after 1945 became involved in the ideological and political re-education of the people. This monographic study focuses on one of them: the draughtsman, painter and scenic designer Alexander Camaro (1901 Breslau - 1992 Berlin). Today almost forgotten, he is one of the most important representatives of this period. The source study therefore provides a fundamental art-historical classification. An extensive catalogue raisonné of the paintings, with over 1000 entries, also documents paintings that have been lost or thought to be lost. Access to the artistic estate made it possible to present personal problems and values on the basis of primary sources, as well as to provide insights into the creative process - from finding the picture to coloring and titling. In addition, the reception of the artist and his work will be critically evaluated, taking into account contemporary historical statements - also against the background of the special situation of the post-war years.
Lecturer: Prof. Dr. Martin Papenbrock
Co-referee: Prof. Dr. Oliver Jehle
Adaptive thermal comfort and personal control over office indoor environment in a Mediterranean hot
summer climate - the case of Amman, Jordan
However, an investigation of thermal comfort in office buildings in Jordan as well as adaptive occupant behaviour, thermal comfort temperature range and personal control has never been undertaken. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to investigate adaptive thermal comfort and personal control to generate a better understanding of the indoor environment in office buildings in Amman.
The first part of the study was dedicated to thermal comfort and aimed to investigate the internal and external factors for adaptive behavior for the purpose of thermal comfort, as well as to determine the thermal comfort range in each season. Furthermore, the perceived comfort on thermal perception scales were investigated across the different seasons.
The second part of the study dealt with personal control in the workplace. The aim was to analyse the adaptation options available to users. Interrelations between perceived availability and desired control options were investigated.
Speaker Mr. Professor Andreas Wagner
Co-speaker Professor Dr. Runa T. Hellwig
Smart Plot Division - Research on the Morphological Evolution of Nanjing South Historic Urban
Area and its Plot Redivision since 1949
Speaker Mr. Professor Markus Neppl
Co-speaker Professor Dong Wei (Southeast University)
January 12, 2017
"croci e fasci - Italian church architecture between ecclesiastical renewal debate and
fascist architectural policy 1919-1945"
January 18, 2017
"Simulation as a design tool for the architect"
February 17, 2017
Ms. Heidi Pfeiffenberger
Style Writing. Scriptural aesthetics between text and image using the example of Karlsruhe and Mannheim.
July 13, 2017
User-oriented planning in office buildings with sustainability certificates
Needs and behaviour of building use actors often differ from the expectations of planning actors. Thus, the predicted resource consumption in the use phase can be exceeded and user satisfaction can be affected, especially in buildings with sustainability certificates with innovative building technology. In order to avoid retrofitting, the building concept should already largely harmonise with user needs. However, user-oriented process design in office building planning in Germany has been little developed to date - including in the Sustainable Building Assessment System (BNB) for new office buildings. The research questions were (1) how user orientation was designed in the planning and realisation of certified office buildings, (2) which factors promoted or inhibited this process and (3) how the success factors can be integrated into the Sustainable Building Assessment System (BNB) for office buildings. The case study comparison showed that the context and the concrete process design of user involvement are crucial to achieve user satisfaction. Aspects such as the definition of the actors of building use and their characteristics, representativeness of the actors involved and a user dialogue around sustainable building should be considered in the BNB system.
Speaker: Professor Dr. Riklef Rambow
Co-speaker: Professor Andreas Wagner
"Visual artists in photographic portraiture. Friendship between Portrait Photographers and Artist Models?"
Ulf Thore Kröher
"How complex does e-participation have to be? Experience with electronic citizen participation in Web 2.0"
25 May 2016
"How does the design get to the landscape? Translation strategies for the qualification of large public landscapes Example Riemer Park Munich"
June 9, 2016
"Assessment of the Energy Performance of Neighbourhoods - Development of a Methodology for Continuous Simulation for Energy Planning Using a Non-Linear Data Driven Modelling Approach."
July 5, 2016
"Heinrich Bürkel (1802-1869). Representative Edition of his Correspondence and Analytical Evaluation"
July 13, 2016
"Indeterminate Spaces in Cities: The Value of Residual Space"
September 15, 2016
"Risk landscape Upper Rhine - Moving terrain as a spatial-structural
Challenge for the Landscape of the Upper Rhine"
October 5, 2016
"Getting a picture - The role of GIS as a tool for tasks in
Spaces with unclear problems"
October 24, 2016
"Rural house building in southern East Prussia 1871-1945. an.
Architectural study with regard to the social attitude towards the German
Peasant heritage in post-war and contemporary Poland".
December 14, 2016
"Techno-economic structural optimization of thermal and electrical
Energy Storage Systems in Urban Energy Supply Systems on the Basis of
February 10, 2015
Dipl.-Ing. Jörg Deist
"The wooden buildings of Albinmüller. A contribution to building with wood 1902-1929"
April 14, 2015
"The Judgment of Paris. An Iconological Investigation of the Paris Myth in the 17th Century Netherlands"
03 June 2015
"Material Specters - Sensory Aesthetics of Film and the Mediality of Experience in Post-Cinematographic Images"
09 June 2015
"Life and work of the architect Johann Heino Schmieden (1835-1913)"
July 14, 2015
"Water on urban squares - water architecture on urban squares in small towns and small medium-sized cities in Baden-Würrtemberg"
October 13, 2015
"A comparative study of different heating systems and control strategies for heating systems combined with solar systems"
February 10, 2014
Ms. Barbara Martin M. A.
"The woman in late 19th century French poster art"
February 27, 2014
Ingrid Moor M. A.
"Studies in Spanish Genre Painting of the 17th Century - Social Historical Aspects of its Themes and Motifs as Exemplified by Bartolomé Esteban Murillo"
April 30, 2014
Dipl.-Ing. Kathrin Machinek
"The Fort Qaitbay in Alexandria - Construction History and Architecture of a Mamluk Port Fortress in the Medieval City Fortification System of Alexandria"
10 July 2014
Dipl.-Ing. Karsten Schubert
"Body - Space - Surface. Structures of built space and architectural space formation"
July 24, 2014
Dipl.-Ing. Ulrike Fischer
"Regionalist strategies in the architecture of Graubünden from 1900 to the present"
17 September 2014
Dipl.-Ing. Cornelia Moosmann
"Visual comfort and daylight in the office workplace"
26 November 2014
M.Sc. Evelise Leite Didoné
"Parametric study for net zero energy building strategies in Brazil considering semi-transparent PV windows".
"Monte Carlo Based Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis for Building Performance Simulation"
"DiscountCity - on the history and future of the city of retail".
GUNTHER DIRK JACOB
"Building operation optimization - improving optimization methods and optimization under uncertain constraints"
"Raffaele de Vico (1881-1969).
Roman garden architect and architect during the Italian Kingdom under Victor Emmanuel III,
Italian Fascism and the Italian Republic from 1908-1962"
CHRISTOPH ROMAN MAURER
"Theoretical and experimental analysis and optimization of semitransparent solar thermal façade collectors"
"The topographical-geographical spread of castles in the borders of today's Baden-Wuerttemberg
between the 7th and 15th century"
"The Woman between Fool and Death. Motivgeschichtliche Untersuchung in der Bildpublizistik der Frühen Neuzeit"
"Studies on the Work of Harald Duwe"
"New Model for VDT Associated Visual Comfort in Office Spaces"
"Metropolregion im Klimawandel - Räumliche Strategien Klimaschutz und Klimaanpassung - Zur Entwicklung gesamträumlicher Konzepte am Beispiel der Metropolregion Rhein Neckar"
"The Wolters House. A HOESCH prefabricated steel house"
"Beck-Erlang. The work of the architect Wilfried Max Beck"
"Tasks and handling of regional planning in Palestine"
"Adaptive Cycle Analysis of Urban Fragments"
"The city parish church St. Josef in Weiden / OPf. - A sacral building task and its solution around the turn of the 20th century"
"War, Camera, Art. Crisis Reporting in Art Space"
"Children's image around 1900. analysis of the parallels between image and reality"
"David Schmith. Medals for Dishonor (1936-40). An Iconographic Comparison"
"On the theory and practice of art in Turkey in the context of modernization and
AMGAD ALY FAHMY
"Studying the Adaptive Comfort Model A Case Study in Arid Climate: Cairo, Egypt"
"The Crusader Reception in 19th Century German Painting"
"Hans Niesenberger von Graz - An Austrian Architect on the Upper Rhine"
AHMED ALI AHMED GABER
"The Methodology of Geometric Order in the Design of Traditional Islamic Buildings.
A case study of Madrasas in the Mamluk Eras in Egypt".
"The Architect and Master Church Builder Rainer Disse 1928 - 2008"
"The Architect Heinrich Müller and the Bavarian Postal Building School in the Palatinate".
JOACHIM NICOLAS TREZIB
"Technocrats of Space. "The Theory of Central Places,
the "Sharon Plan" and the General Plan East"
"Stone house and city layout around 1100 - Domus solaratae of the Cluny III period".
OLAF PETER SCHRÖDER
"Strategy of Prevention? On the Participation of New Building in the Province of Westphalia 1918-1933".
"How Gender influences the formation of space. A participatory research on spatial planning in Fishing Villages in Central Java and Aceh, Indonesia"
"Gestures of Space. On the bodily communication between user and space in architecture."